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Hubble Telescope captures rare image of a disintegrating asteroid

Asteroid
Image credit: NASA, ESA, K Meech and J Kleyna (University of Hawaii), O Hainaut (European Southern Observatory)

A team of astronomers has identified a rare case of an asteroid spinning through space, breaking apart as it goes.

The initial discovery was a happy accident. Dr Ken Smith of the Astrophysics Research Centre at Queen’s University Belfast was hunting for exploding stars (supernovae) when he came across an object with a tail resembling a comet – but it didn't match any known records. Intrigued, he contacted his colleagues to investigate.

Two months of study followed, and the results have now been published – including images from the Hubble Space Telescope that clearly show a trail of material that was ejected in short bursts in October and December 2018.

New telescopes, new discoveries

The asteroid, named Gault, is spinning twice every hour – so fast that rock and gas is being flung from its surface into space. The researchers believe that heat from the sun has gradually made it rotate faster, and its spins have been gradually accelerating for over 100 million years.

The two bursts of material late last year could have been caused by something as small as colliding with a pebble.

"This self-destruction event is rare," said Olivier Hainaut, from the European Southern Observatory, Germany.

"Active and unstable asteroids such as Gault are just now being detected because of new survey telescopes that scan the entire sky, which means asteroids that are misbehaving such as Gault cannot escape detection anymore." 

Via Queen's University Belfast

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