Lighting Setup 2: Diffused light and a reflector(opens in new tab)
This is a much gentler set-up where the same light source is softened with a diffuser and a reflector.
Diffusers give the same effect as daylight cloud cover, spreading light from a tiny source into a larger area.
The diffuser will reduce the intensity of your flash unit, so you may need to slide up the output of the flash head, but the effect will be more flattering.
The reflector works by bouncing stray light back onto the unlit side of the face.