Whether you're a seasoned Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) player or interested in jumping into the role-playing fantasy game for the first time, you're likely to be thinking about the possibilities of playing online.
Why's that? There's a huge online community around D&D, from private games to Twitch streams and massive web series / podcasts like Critical Role (soon to get an animated series at Amazon Prime Video too).
D&D is also brilliantly social, giving a gathering of friends a way to make and maintain a story together, whether they want to follow a pre-made adventure or venture out with their own crazy ideas.
The game also lends itself very well to online play. As a mix of verbal storytelling and predictable mechanics (mainly revolving around rolling dice and adding the number to your personal stats) it's very possible to play a successful D&D game over a webcam instead of packed inside a friend's living room.
So what do you need to play D&D online? This guide will run you through the equipment you'll want to consider, the online video software worth checking out, and how to ensure a good time when you're ready to fight some giants, dragons, elves, or otherwise.
1. Get a decent webcam and microphone
Part of the beauty of D&D is that it can cost literally nothing to get into: you just show up to a friend’s basement, you’re handed a sheet with several fields to fill in and a pencil to do it with.
However, this is not necessarily the case in an online D&D game. While all you really need is a Skype account or Gmail address and a computer with an internet connection (even the webcam is optional!), there are simply more points of friction between your performance as a dwarf and how well your friends (and their characters) receive that performance, much less hearing or seeing basic communication.
Namely, those friction points come down to video and audio. So, here’s how to nip those potential trouble makers in the bud.
Firstly, make sure you have a decent webcam. Your laptop or desktop PC webcam may be sufficient for this – and it's worth testing it to find out. On a Mac? Unless you’re using one of the 12-inch MacBooks, you should be fine, as Apple generally produces quality webcams in both its desktops and laptops.
If you think the recording could be improved, it's worth upgrading to an external webcam you can plug into your computer. Check out our guides for the best webcams (cheap webcams, if you're on a budget) or check out some deals below on one of our favorite models.
It's also worth getting a decent headset with a built-in microphone. You may already have one of these, if you have a PC gaming headset, and the whole guide is worth checking out – but one of our top picks is below. If you need something cheaper, check out these cheap gaming headset deals instead.
Regardless of how you kit out, just don’t come to your first game of D&D (or any other kind of tabletop game) online without suitable equipment – it’ll only make the game better for you and your fellow players.
2. Pick the video software you're using
It may well go without saying, but you'll need to make sure everyone you're playing with is on the same shared video platform.
There are a few avenues you can consider, too. For a more casual option, you can simply meet up over Skype, Zoom, or FaceTime, and verbally narrate your characters' actions and roles. Keep in mind, though, that you'll be (gasp!) trusting players to make their own rolls and truthfully report them.
You can also use Roll20, which is a website designed specifically around shared tabletop role-playing games like Dungeons & Dragons – and has dedicated apps for Android (tablets and smartphones) and iOS (iPad only).
Roll20 has a lot more tools at its disposal than Skype, for one – with the option to make and display maps, place digital counters for enemies and players, and enable the kind of top-down strategy that's much harder to describe with just your words. When your game is full of monsters, giants, and wizards with area-of-effect spells you need to stay clear of, any sort of visual clarity about where your character is standing is beneficial.
Roll20 even allows you to roll digitally – which isn't as fun, admittedly – but means that a coy player can't fiddle the numbers to pass a check or make a save they'd otherwise have failed at. Sending private messages to your dungeon master (DM) is easy too.
You might also want to consider Discord, which is available as a browser, desktop, and mobile application. You get the benefit of being able to connect a Discord chat to Spotify and ensure everyone is listening to the same spooky / thrilling / action-packed playlist throughout the game. However, Discord was built for chatting during multiplayer video games, rather than specifically D&D, so Roll20 may better suit your needs.
If you don't have any physical dice – see Kraken Dice in the US, or Mint & Mustard in the UK – you can also use a digital dice-roller. It's not as satisfying as rolling the dice yourself, but offers an easy (and free) workaround. Wizards of the Coast host a free e-roller on their website, while we've had good experiences with this Group D&D Dice Roller mobile app for iOS and Android – which also lets you 'save' common roll combinations and sync up with other players to share what you're rolling.
3. Treat the game like a (super fun) conference call
When you’re heated, in the moment, with your disbelief suspended, you'll want to express yourself (or your third level half-elf sorcerer’s self) and no one can stop you! You’re right – after all, what else are you here for?
Sure, at a table, where our ears can (sometimes) hear and understand multiple voices at once – what we call crosstalk in the media world – it’s fine, but it’s a bane of many an online D&D game. When you can’t get a word in edgewise because of the limitations of technology (and, honestly, human empathy), such an amazing game becomes a lot less fun.
It's the same reason news anchors and panel experts need to take turns speaking – because it's impossible to follow multiple voices at once from the same source of audio. (That's not to say people don't talk over each other on the news, but it does make things harder to make out.)
Not to mention the inherent delay in most audiovisual communication methods online! Between the two, developing a mutual respect of one’s “air time” during an online D&D game is crucial. Nailing the timing it takes to maintain the fun, witty banter that can make your fantasy characters come to life will take, well, time. But, your games played online will be that much better for it.
For some examples for how it’s done well, just watch any well-produced live D&D game on the internet, like the aforementioned Critical Role or Dice, Camera Action! from the creators of the very game.
4. Resist the urge to use the internet
Look, it’s bad enough that we Dungeon Masters have to compete with the plentiful sources of fantastical entertainment that have arisen alongside the propagation of streaming and mobile technology – whether social media, YouTube, Netflix, Reddit, Disney Plus, or otherwise.
To have to compete with the instant gratification of the internet that’s so much easier to do in secret from behind a screen… that’s just brutal.
I know, playing a game through a web browser service like Roll20 makes the temptation even worse. After all, when it’s not your turn, you’re just one click away from Facebook or Reddit or – gasp – the Monster Manual. No cheating to find out an enemy's weaknesses, players!
Here’s the thing: your fellow players put aside three or so hours of their week to experience what your DM has likely put many, many more into. So, they all deserve your undivided attention as much as you deserve theirs.
When you take multiple peeks at Facebook or whatever else, whether it’s on your phone at the table or on a browser tab from behind the webcam, you’re not contributing to what makes the collaborative element of this kind of game so incredible. And, yes, being an attentive audience when the moment warrants it is part of that, too.
5. Can't convince your friends? Find new ones
So, you know what you need to do, but don't have people to do it with? Ignore the haters and sign up for the Roll20 online tabletop gaming system (my personal favorite), and use their system for public game postings. Fantasy Grounds, a competing client-based system, has a forum for finding people to play with, too.
This article was originally contributed by Joe Osborne.