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Best camera for beginners 2021: 12 top cameras for learning photography

Canon EOS M6 Mark II
(Image credit: Future)

Looking for the best beginner camera? This is the list you need. Whether you’re shopping for your very first camera or upgrading from a point-and-shoot, we’ve tested all of the best options for budding photographers. (If you're particularly keen on DSLRs, then check out our separate guide to the best beginner DSLRs).

The term ‘beginner’ means different things to different people. You might be completely new to photography, in which case you’ll want a camera that’s easy to use but still takes great pictures. Alternatively, you could be a relatively experienced smartphone photographer, ready to take the plunge and buy your first dedicated camera. Whichever camp you’re in, this buying guide features options that cover all bases and budgets for beginners.

Thanks to rapid advancements in photographic technology, the best beginner cameras today offer a wide range of skills to help first-timers get started and grow. Features that were once reserved for flagship models, such as 4K recording and high-resolution sensors, can now be found on a number of novice cameras. This gives beginners plenty of room to choose a camera that suits their other requirements, such as portability, zoom range or lens compatibility.

Smartphones are an excellent entry route into photography and many of the best beginner cameras offer a similar user interface. Touchscreens make it easy to navigate menus and select focus points – particularly if they tilt – while Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity ensure it’s a cinch to download and share your photos. If you’re accustomed to smartphone photography, you’ll find several of the options below offer a familiar shooting experience.

The buying guide below includes cameras to suit every need and price range. There are fun instant cameras, versatile mirrorless models and even a capable smartphone. But what's our overall winner?

Our pick for the title of best beginner camera right now is the versatile Fujifilm X-T200. It’s a flexible mirrorless option which delivers best in class image quality without editing, as well as a touchscreen interface that’s fuss-free and friendly for smartphone users. But with so many great starter cameras on offer, there might be one that’s better suited to your specific requirements. Don’t rush in to a buying decision: check all of our recommendations below and you’re sure to find the perfect camera for you.

Best camera for beginners 2021 at a glance:

  1. Fujifilm X-T200
  2. Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark IV
  3. Fujifilm X-T30
  4. Canon EOS M50 Mark II
  5. Nikon D3500
  6. Sony A6000
  7. Polaroid Now
  8. Canon EOS M6 Mark II
  9. Panasonic Lumix G100
  10. Nikon Z50
  11. Google Pixel 4a
  12. Sony ZV-1

The best camera for beginners 2021:

Fujifilm X-T200

(Image credit: Future)

1. Fujifilm X-T200

Amazing JPEG quality with little fuss

Specifications
Sensor size: APS-C
Resolution: 24.2MP
Viewfinder: 2,360K dots
Monitor: 3.5-inch articulated touchscreen, 2,760K dots
Autofocus: 425-point AF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 8fps (full resolution)
Movies: 4K at 30p
User level: Beginner/intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Best in class picture quality without editing+Offers full manual controls+Large articulating touchscreen
Reasons to avoid
-No dedicated headphone jack-No in-body image stabilization

Bridging the gap between smartphone photography and the world of interchangeable lens cameras, the Fujifilm X-T200 provides a great mix of physical controls and touchscreen functionality. As well as a decent viewfinder, which makes it easy to take pictures in bright sunlight, the X-T200 has a 3.5in display, which is the largest in its class. This display can be flipped out to face forwards, perfect for selfies and vlogging.

Having access to settings via a touchscreen keeps things familiar for people moving over from a smartphone. But this camera also offers physical controls, including three dials and joystick, for those confident enough to explore them. It offers a simple-to-use layout and has helpful instructions displayed on the screen to explain menu items within the settings. 

Fujifilm mirrorless cameras are famed for producing incredible JPEG images in-camera that don’t need any editing. This is thanks in part to the inclusion of a range of award-winning film simulation modes, that replicate the look and feel of classic film. Move over social media filters! 

If you’re looking for a significant step-up from a smartphone that offers decent photo performance with video capabilities, the X-T200 is a strong choice. As an entry-level camera, the X-T200 comes with the Fujinon XC15-45mm f/3.5-5.6 lens, which is a great everyday lens for street portraits and travel. It also offers lens stabilization to help avoid blurry images in low light. 

The X-T200 also gives you access to a broad range of incredible Fujfilm lenses. This makes it an ideal camera choice if you’re ready to invest in a system can grow with your skills.

Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark IV

(Image credit: Future)

2. Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark IV

A small but powerful starter stills camera

Specifications
Sensor size: Micro Four Thirds
Resolution: 20.3MP
Viewfinder: 2,360K dots
Monitor: 3-inch tilting touchscreen, 1,037K dots
Autofocus: 121-point Contrast Detection AF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 15fps
Movies: 4K at 30p
User level: Beginner
Reasons to buy
+Capable sensor+Compact body+Impressive image stabilization
Reasons to avoid
-No microphone input-No USB-C port

If you’re looking for a simple, compact mirrorless camera that consistently captures attractive images, the OM-D E-M10 Mark IV definitely deserves a spot on your shortlist. 

It might lack some of the more advanced features of its pricier rivals – including microphone and USB-C ports – but it does a brilliant job as a stills camera. Designed primarily for smartphone switchers, its ergonomic grip, approachable button layout and handy flip-down touchscreen give it good versatility, without cluttering the classically styled shell. 

An Advanced Photo mode makes it easy to have a go at advanced techniques such as long exposures, while the in-body image stabilization system – borrowed from the flagship E-M1 – is superb. The sensor resolution is decent at 20.3MP and, because it’s a Micro Four Thirds camera, it has one of the widest lens catalogues on the market. It might not grab headlines, but the Mark IV is a fantastic first camera for beginners.

Fujifilm X-T30

(Image credit: Future)

3. Fujifilm X-T30

A feature-packed mirrorless camera with great controls for beginners

Specifications
Sensor size: APS-C
Resolution: 26.1MP
Viewfinder: 2,360K dots
Monitor: 3.0-inch articulated touchscreen, 1,040K dots
Autofocus: Intelligent Hybrid AF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 30fps
Movies: 4K at 30p
User level: Beginner/Intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Lovely build quality and controls+Great all-rounder+Articulating touchscreen+4K video
Reasons to avoid
-Some controls fiddly -No in-built stabilization -Limited battery life compared to DSLRs

Essentially a pared-down version of Fujifilm’s top-line X-T3 model, the X-T30 is one of the more advanced cameras on our list. But don’t let that put you off – it’s a fantastic option for beginners as they’ll truly be able to learn and grow with it, making it a fantastic value option. It's a little bit on the older side now, but with the Fujifilm X-E4 soon to enter the market, the price for the X-T30 has dropped to its most affordable level yet.

With the X-T30 you get a host of fantastic specs, including a well-performing 26.1MP back-illuminated X-Trans APS-C sensor, 4K DCI and UHD video recording up to 30p as well as the flexibility to shoot at up to 30fps. In short, it’s a superb little all-rounder for those who are just finding their feet, because it can shoot a little bit of every subject. 

On top of that, it also looks great and handles nicely, too. Fujifilm has long been impressing with its retro-style cameras, and those who want their gadgets to be as stylish as possible will surely love the X-T30's classic looks. You also get direct access to a number of key settings, making for a great tactile user-friendly shooting experience, too.

The Fujifilm ecosystem of lenses and accessories is nicely varied after being on the market for a few years, so you can feel confident that this is a system that you can invest in and grow with over the years, too.

There are a couple of downsides to bear in mind. For example, the X-T30 doesn’t have in-body image stabilization, so you’ll want to make sure that any lenses you use with it are stabilized. There’s also a relatively limited battery life (especially compared with DSLR rivals). But otherwise this is a fantastic choice for lots of different types of photographers – including those new to the game.

Canon EOS M50 Mark II

(Image credit: TechRadar)

4. Canon EOS M50 Mark II

The most popular entry-level Canon camera gets a minor update

Specifications
Sensor size: APS-C
Resolution: 24.1MP
Viewfinder: 2,360K dots
Monitor: 3.0-inch articulated touchscreen, 1,040K dots
Autofocus: Dual Pixel CMOS AF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 10fps (Single AF), 7.4fps (Continuous AF)
Movies: 4K at 24p
User level: Beginner
Reasons to buy
+Vertical video recording +Eye AF for stills and video+Neat and compact
Reasons to avoid
-Heavily cropped 4K video-Limited native lenses-Better video-oriented cameras available

Although Canon seems to be primarily concentrating on its full-frame R line, the more beginner-friendly, APS-C, EOS M range continues to be a big draw for those less experienced. The original Canon EOS M50 made our list, and has only recently been replaced by the Mark II, which is a very minor upgrade on its predecessor. 

That means you get a simple user interface which offers helpful explanations and suggestions within the settings menu. Once you've got to grips a bit more with the camera, you can even disable it. Although light on physical controls, there's just enough here to keep it on right side of pleasingly ergonomic. 

Canon's award-winning Dual Pixel AF comes in handy for focusing on moving subjects quickly and consistently, such as fast-moving action and fidgety pets. The EF-M 15-45mm kit lens which is bundled as standard with the M50 Mark II is decent enough for every day use, but should you find you want to expand your lens collection, this is where the M-series cameras fall down compared to the competition. That said you can use a plethora of DSLR lenses via an adapter, so there's a bit of a workaround there.

If video is your primary concern, you may also feel a little bit let down by the M50 Mark II, especially as Canon hasn't upgraded this area since the previous iteration. The camera may be capable of recording 4K, but with such a heavy crop applied, it's almost unusable. If stills is your main priority though, this won't be such a deal-breaker.

(Image credit: Future)

5. Nikon D3500

Heart set on a DSLR? This is the best beginner model around

Specifications
Sensor size: APS-C
Resolution: 24.2MP
Viewfinder: Optical
Monitor: 3.0-inch fixed, 921K dots
Autofocus: 11-point AF, 1 cross-type
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 5fps
Movies: 1080p
User level: Beginner
Reasons to buy
+Good quality 24MP sensor+Excellent value for money+Impressive 1,550-shot battery life
Reasons to avoid
-Basic external controls-Fixed screen without touch functions-Only 1080p Full HD Video

The Nikon D3500 is the only DSLR in this list. Why? Well, these cameras – which differ from mirrorless rivals with their optical viewfinders –  are slowly being phased out by many of the leading camera manufacturers, in favor of more advanced mirrorless models. But if photography is your main pursuit and video specs really aren’t important, the Nikon D3500 is a fantastic, low-budget beginner camera choice. Housing a top quality 24.2MP APS-C sensor, the D3500 can capture detailed, tone-rich images.

At a glance it appears low on features, but the Nikon D3500 includes a super handy dedicated Guide Mode that sits on its dial. Guide Mode is a basic virtual photography tutor that will walk you through all of the camera’s functions, including in-camera photo editing. It can be tailored to provide full assistance, or allow for more advanced control as you grow in confidence and experience.

There are two kit lenses available with the D3500, but we recommend that you opt for the DX 18-55 VR kit lens. VR stands for Vibration Reduction and it costs a fraction more than the other option. But with VR stabilization enabled, you’ll get better shots handheld, especially in low-light conditions. 

Sony A6000

(Image credit: Future)

6. Sony A6000

An oldie, but still such a goodie

Specifications
Sensor size: APS-C
Resolution: 24.3MP
Viewfinder: 1,440K dots
Monitor: 3.0-inch articulated touchscreen, 921K dots
Autofocus: 179-point AF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 11fps (full resolution)
Movies: Full HD 1080p
User level: Beginner/intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Highly compact for an APS-C camera+Manual controls+11fps burst mode shooting
Reasons to avoid
-No touchscreen-Battery life not the best-Only Full HD 1080p video

Despite being over five years old, the award-winning Sony A6000 still holds up as a fantastic value option for photography enthusiasts. Despite its compact size, the A6000 houses a superb 24.3MP APS-C sensor that can capture detailed photos at up to 11fps. 

Its autofocusing system, although dated, operates quickly and uses 179-points to track moving subjects. This combo makes it a good choice for people who are hoping to take pictures of wildlife, fast-moving family members (toddlers) and sports.

Most cameras at this size only offer an LCD display, but Sony somehow managed to squeeze in an electronic viewfinder. This increases the A6000’s usability when taking pictures on sunny days. Taking photos with the camera held up to your eye also improves stability when taking pics of moving subjects. Unfortunately, the A6000 shows its age by lacking touch functionality on its titling 921k-dot LCD screen.

One of the early criticisms of Sony Alpha series cameras was that they lacked a wide enough range of lenses. But a lot has changed since the A6000 was originally released. Now the A6000 can be paired with a plethora of high-quality lenses, made by Sony, as well as third party EF-mount lenses using Sigma’s MC-11 adapter. 

If photography is your focus and you are happy with only being able to record Full HD 1080p, the Sony A6000 is a strong choice that has stood the test of time.

Polaroid Go

(Image credit: Future)

7. Polaroid Go

Instant photography made simple

Specifications
Lens: 34mm
Focusing: Fixed focus
Flash: Built-in
Self-timer: Yes
Reasons to buy
+Highly portable +Simple to use +Rechargable battery
Reasons to avoid
-Fixed focus can be troublesome -No dedicated close-up mode-Expensive film

This might be a slightly odd choice for the best beginner camera, but if you're shopping for a kid, or for for someone with a quirky outlook on life, it's worth a look. The Polaroid Go is designed to produce quick and easy physical snaps, with its small size making it more appealing than other instant camera models. 

Using a new instant film format, the Polaroid Go produces 67 x 54mm (2.6 x 2.1inch) prints with a square 47 x 46 mm (1.85 x 1.8 inch) image area. Controls are limited, but this is a camera which is all about living in the moment and experimenting with composition, subjects, form and so on. As such, the lack of autofocus may be offputting for some, but you soon learn to work within the camera's limits - another learning experience. 

As you might expect, you're not going to get consistent results with a camera like this, but you will get interesting, charming and unique shots that you are arguably more important than pin-sharp perfection from so-called "proper" cameras. It's a fantastic choice for anyone keen to experiment with analogue photography, with the fuss, hassle and expense of more advanced film setups.

Two hands holding the Canon EOS M6 Mark II

(Image credit: Future)

8. Canon EOS M6 Mark II

A portable, accessible powerhouse

Specifications
Sensor size: APS-C
Resolution: 32.5MP
Viewfinder: N/A
Monitor: 3-inch tilting touchscreen, 1,037K dots
Autofocus: 143-point Phase Detection AF areas
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 14fps
Movies: 4K at 30p
User level: Beginner
Reasons to buy
+Perfect proportions for travel+High-resolution sensor
Reasons to avoid
-No built-in viewfinder-Limited native lens range

With a high-resolution sensor in a miniature body, Canon’s EOS M6 Mark II is a powerful yet pocketable option for beginners. It uses the same 32.5MP sensor as the 90D DSLR to produce excellent stills, with lovely detail and great colors. It’s also great in the hand: despite its lightweight build, a good grip gives the M6 Mark II a sturdy feel, while well-placed buttons and dials make for easy one-handed use. A viewfinder is optional, but the tilting touchscreen works perfectly fine for first-timers, providing an experience similar to smartphone photography. 

Autofocus is both reliable and speedy across 143 areas, as is 14fps burst shooting. The option to capture uncropped 4K footage is a welcome bonus, too. Less remarkable is the 305-shot battery life. The absence of image stabilization is also a shame, as is the limited native lens range. Nevertheless, there’s a lot for beginners to like about the M6 Mark II. It’s impressively portable without compromising on specs and features, forming a well-rounded package which – over two years after launch – is available at a price representing great value.

Panasonic G100

(Image credit: Future)

9. Panasonic Lumix G100

A compact and highly versatile little gem

Specifications
Sensor size: Micro Four Thirds
Resolution: 20.3MP
Viewfinder: 3,680K dots
Monitor: 3.0-inch articulated touchscreen, 1,840K dots
Autofocus: 49-point AF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 6fps (full resolution) 30fps (4K Photo mode)
Movies: 4K at 30p
User level: Beginner/intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Compact, travel-friendly design+Great value for money+Useful optional tripod grip
Reasons to avoid
-No dedicated headphone jack-Autofocus could be faster

If you want a camera that is great for both vlogging and taking photos, the Lumix G100 is one of the best two options available for you. The other option being the Sony ZV-1 (see below). But aside from the fact that its sensor is larger than Sony’s 1-inch unit, there are other reasons to lean towards this Lumix.

Firstly, the Lumix G100 is the world’s first camera to incorporate OVO Audio technology, developed by Nokia. Using an intelligent combination of facial recognition software and its triple microphone array, the G100 can 'see' where the sound is coming from. The result is that it captures better sounding audio than the competition, without the need for any external microphones. 

It’s also super compact, making it a great companion camera for travel and taking pictures on-the-go. As a Micro Four Thirds sensor camera, it has access to a vast number of relatively affordable lenses, which are equally compact. The one downside of using a smaller sensor (compared to APS-C models, like the Fujifilm X-T200 above) is that it isn’t quite as good in low light. But it does offer five-axis hybrid image stabilization when paired with compatible lenses to keep pictures steady, and features a built-in flash too.

The G100 pairs easily to smartphones and is a perfect first camera for someone who loves video and stills equally. It’s also suitable for families who want an easy-to-use camera that practically does it all.

Nikon Z50

(Image credit: Future)

10. Nikon Z50

A small, light and highly versatile mirrorless option

Specifications
Sensor size: APS-C
Resolution: 20.9MP
Viewfinder: 2360k-dots
Monitor: 3.2-inch tilted touchscreen, 1,040K dots
Autofocus: Hybrid contrast/phase-detection AF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 11fps
Movies: 4K at 30p
User level: Beginner/intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Great handling and neatly compact+Nicely developing Z ecosystem +Tilting screen
Reasons to avoid
-Tilt screen can't be used with tripod-Single card slot

Beginners are often drawn towards a heritage name like Nikon – and for good reason. With over 100 years of photographic experience to draw on, you can feel confident that they really know their onions. 

The Z50 is a beginner-friendly version of its full-frame Z-series mirrorless siblings, being ideal for those who are new to cameras (or mirrorless), as well as being a great option for travel and outings.

It features an impressive APS-C sensor, which you can combine with the steadily growing range of Z series lenses. The default – and sensible – option here is a dinky 16-50mm f/3.5-5.6 pancake lens which cements the Z50’s position as a portable and compact option for those who don’t want something overly bulky. 

Other useful features include a decent electronic viewfinder and helpful tilting screen – which can even face forward for vlogging (and selfies), 4K video recording up to 30fps and a decent burst speed of 11fps. This is a smart little all-rounder, which is a great option for beginners looking to get to grips with photography for the first time.

Google Pixel 4a

(Image credit: TechRadar)

11. Google Pixel 4a

The best value smartphone camera

Specifications
Sensor size: 1/2.55-inch sensor
Resolution: 12.2MP
Viewfinder: N/A
Monitor: 5.81-inch touchscreen, 2,527K dots
Autofocus: Dual Pixel PDAF
Maximum continuous shooting rate: N/A
Movies: 4K at 30p
User level: Beginner/intermediate
Reasons to buy
+Full smartphone functionality+Great value for money+Superior battery life
Reasons to avoid
-Inferior handling and controls-Small sensor

You probably weren’t expecting to see a smartphone in this list, but hear us out. Often when people become disappointed with the snaps that their phone captures, they don’t need to replace it with a dedicated camera. With fewer people upgrading their devices annually, they’ve just found their dated smartphone is no longer good enough. That’s what makes the Pixel 4a such a good wildcard option.

Over the past few years, Google has perfected its smartphone photography algorithms. This has enabled them to develop camera modules that exceedingly out perform their on-paper specs. At just 12.2MP, the Pixel 4a isn’t a resolution beast. But it does have a bright f/1.7 aperture lens and optical image stabilization, boosting its low-light credentials. As a smartphone, the Google camera relies on artificial intelligence to identify image content and apply the best settings and processing for every given situation. This takes the thinking out of it and keeps you entirely focused on taking pictures, which may or may not be what you want.

If you already have a phone that you’d like to keep and want to get the Pixel 4a as your dedicated connected camera, you can pick it up Sim-FREE for only $349/£349. Even if you don't add a data plan, you still get Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and NFC connectivity, plus all of the usual camera functionality beyond the likes of Google Lens, which uses cellular data. 

You also get access to all the editing and social media apps you love, as well as a large FullHD+ OLED display to enjoy your content on. Plus with 128GB of built-in storage (something we'd like to see more of on dedicated cameras), there’s no need for memory cards either.

Sony ZV-1

(Image credit: Future)

12. Sony ZV-1

The best beginner vlogging camera

Specifications
Sensor size: One inch
Resolution: 16.1MP
Viewfinder: N/A
Monitor: 3.0-inch articulating touchscreen, 1,040K dots
Autofocus: 121-point AF, 1 cross-type
Maximum continuous shooting rate: 8.6fps
Movies: 4K/30p
User level: Beginner
Reasons to buy
+Class-leading autofocus+Bright lens for silky background blur+Pocketable with a flip-out screen
Reasons to avoid
-Video stabilization could be better-Limited touchscreen-No headphone jack

Focused almost entirely on vlogging, the Sony ZV-1 is one of the best compact cameras for creating video. Its combination of a bright f/1.8-2.8 lens, intelligent AF and articulated screen make it a compelling choice for people who enjoy creating video content and want to make a significant step up from their smartphone.

Sony’s incredibly popular 20.1MP 1-inch sensor sits at the heart of the ZV-1, which means it is also no slouch when it comes to capturing photos. Its fixed lens has an equivalent focal length of 24-70mm, ensuring that the ZV-1 is suitable for capturing everything from landscape scenes to portraits.

Its advanced focus tracking includes Eye AF, which does a fantastic job of locking onto faces and keeping everything in focus. And thanks to its 3.5mm mic input, you'll be able to capture high quality audio easily with an external microphone. But if you don’t want to spend extra, its built-in mic still does a decent job (particularly with the supplied wind-shield).

A complete beginner take a little while to adapt to the ZV-1, due to its limited touchscreen functionality and slightly more advanced video features. But the inclusion of things such as S-Log2, AF-sensitivity controls and a built-in ND filter will be a huge boost to people more familiar with video, or those who want a vlogging companion that can grow with them for years to come.

Five things to look for when choosing the best beginner camera:

Need a bit more of a steer on where to start? Here are five things to look for when choosing a beginner camera:

1) Resolution

Referred to as “megapixels” or “MP”, resolution indicates the maximum size of images that a camera can capture. The higher the number, the higher the resolution. For this reason, a lot of camera brands use megapixels to attract customers, but resolution isn’t the whole story. 12MP is more than enough to produce a high quality print at A3 paper size.

2) Design and build

As the cliché goes, the best camera is the one you have with you – which means there’s no point in buying one that you don’t want to take out and use frequently. Perhaps you want a larger camera with physical controls. Or maybe a smaller camera with a touchscreen would make you feel more at home. 

3) Sensor size

Not all sensors are created equal. Unlike megapixel counts, the larger the sensor, the better the image quality – generally speaking. Smaller sensors aren’t as good at gathering light, which means more noise (image grain) will show up in images captured in low-light. Larger sensors typically produce more attractive tones and depth.

4) Connectivity

All of the best beginner cameras offer some way to connect to your smart device or favorite social media apps. The cameras in this list all benefit from Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or NFC connectivity, or a combination of all three.

5) Lenses

A decent quality lens is critical for capturing good images. All of the best beginner cameras come with a kit or fixed lens, which offer a standard focal length (zoom range). Interchangeable lens cameras come with kit lenses, which can be changed to suit your needs. Fixed lens cameras appeal to people who don’t want to carry extra lenses.