Private Internet Access (commonly known as PIA) is a capable VPN provider, now owned by Private Internet (formerly known as KAPE), who also owns CyberGhost and ZenMate.
PIA's network provides 3,300+ P2P-friendly servers in 30 countries. That's reasonable, though down on our last review as the company has dropped its South Africa and Brazil locations.
Wide platform support includes apps for Windows, Mac, Android, iOS and Linux, browser extensions for Chrome, Firefox and Opera, and there are detailed setup tutorials for routers and many other device types.
- Want to try Private Internet Access? Check out the website here
Extras range from the simple and straightforward (built-in blocking of ads, trackers and known malicious websites) to the more low-level and technical (a SOCKS5 proxy for extra speed, port forwarding support, the ability to select your preferred encryption, authentication and handshaking methods), and there's 24/7 support (though not via live chat) to help solve any problems.
New app features since our last review include a simple private browser for iOS, where all your session data is wiped once the app closes. A command line app for Windows, Linux and Mac enables automating VPN operations from scripts. Shadowsocks support may help you get connected in countries which block VPNs, a Snooze option enables temporarily disconnecting the VPN, and there are a bunch of smaller tweaks and fixes (more on those later.)
PIA's commitment to open source is looking better than ever, too. Its Android app is the latest to be released, and developers can check out its source code (and the iOS app, and the Windows clients, and the browser extensions and more) on GitHub.
(This review is purely about PIA's VPN, but if you're interested in corporate affairs, check out our interview with Private Internet's COO, Daniel Sagi.)
Editor's Note: What immediately follows is a rundown of the latest changes and additions since this review was last updated.
- 10 new countries have been added for a total of 41 server locations. (April 2020)
- WireGuard is now available to all PIA users (Windows, Mac, Linux, Android and iOS). (April 2020)
- Server coverage increased to 46 countries. (May 2020)
- The 1-year plan now gives an additional two months free. (May 2020)
- Server coverage increased to 48 countries. (June 2020)
- Private Internet Access now offers 24/7 live chat customer support. (June 2020)
- The service now has over 2730 servers in 47 countries. (July 2020)
Plans and pricing
The Private Internet Access monthly plan is priced at an average $9.95. The six-month plan is a mild improvement at $5.99, but pay for a year upfront and the price plummets to just $3.33. There are marginally cheaper deals around – CyberGhost, VPN Unlimited, and Surfshark all offer plans under $3 – but you may have to sign up for two or three years to get them.
If all that sounds appealing, you even get more choice of payment methods than usual, with support for cards, PayPal, Bitcoin, gift cards and more.
There's no free trial, but the money-back guarantee has now risen from the previous and way-too-short 7 days, to a much more acceptable 30.
PIA's Terms and Services has another surprise (and unusually for small print, it's a good one.) Maybe VPNs say customers are only allowed one refund, ever. Private Internet Access says that if you purchase a new account more than three months after the last refund, you're eligible for another. That's unusually generous, but seems fair to us. If you try out a VPN and the service doesn't work for you, it shouldn't matter if you had a refund three years ago - you ought to have the same money-back rights as everybody else.
This VPN's privacy features start with its use of the highly secure OpenVPN protocol on desktop and mobile devices. That does a lot to protect you, all on its own, but experts can go further, tweaking protocol settings to suit their needs. In a click or two you're able to set encryption type (AES-128 or 256, CBC or GCM, maybe turn off encryption entirely if you're just after speed), data authentication and handshake methods (RSA-2048-RSA-4096), choose the connection type and set local or remote ports.
PIA's MACE feature blocks access to domains used by ads, trackers and malware, giving you an extra layer of protection.
Private Internet Access provides its own DNS to reduce the chance of DNS leaks. The apps are flexible, though – the Windows client can be set to use your default DNS, or any custom DNS of your choice.
There's also a kill switch to disable your internet access if the VPN drops. Unlike some of the competition, this isn't only available on the desktop – the iOS and Android clients get it, too.
Get connected with the Chrome extension and you'll find a bunch of bonus privacy features (block location access, third-party cookies, website referrers and more). You could set these up separately and for free, but the extensions make it easier and they do add worthwhile extra layers of protection.
Perhaps best of all, Private Internet Access has open-sourced its desktop clients, mobile apps and many other components and libraries. This allows other developers to freely examine the source code, assess its quality, report bugs, and maybe check to see whether it's doing anything which might compromise the user's privacy.
While most VPN's claim they don't log customer activities or traffic, there's rarely much to back this up. You're expected to cross your fingers and trust they're being honest.
Private Internet Access is far more confident, claiming to be 'verified' as 'the only proven no-log VPN service.'
The company seems to be referring to court cases where subpoenas have been served on PIA asking for account information, but the only data provided was the general location of the server IPs. Absolutely no user-related data was given up.
Private Internet Access also publishes a Transparency Report detailing any official requests for information, and user data handed over. The full six-month report for January through June 2020 records six subpoenas received, with no logs produced for any of these requests.
Eventually we found a support article, 'Do you log the traffic of your users?', which stated that Private Internet Access "absolutely does not keep any logs, of any kind, period." It explains that logs which might otherwise be maintained are redirected to the null device rather than being written to the hard drive, which means they simply disappear.
The article also includes this paragraph, which explicitly states that the firm doesn't log session data or your online activities:
"We can unequivocally state that our company has not and still does not maintain metadata logs regarding when a subscriber accesses the VPN service, how long a subscriber's use was, and what IP address a subscriber originated from. Moreover, the encryption system does not allow us to view and thus log what IP addresses a subscriber is visiting or has visited."
While this is all very encouraging, we'd like to see Private Internet Access do more. In particular, like NordVPN and other providers, by allowing a third-party audit of its systems.
In December 2019 PIA announced it had 'begun reaching out to external auditors', so perhaps that's on the way. We're keen to see what happens next.
Every VPN promises a high-speed, ultra-reliable network, but the reality can be very different. That's why we look past the enthusiastic marketing, and put every VPN we review through our own intensive tests.
Starting off by connecting to a sample of 20 Private Internet Access locations. We logged the connection time, ran ping tests to look for latency issues and used geolocation to verify that every server appeared to be in its advertised location.
Just trying to connect to a VPN can tell you a lot about the service, and Private Internet Access performed very well. We ran the connection test twice, and didn't have a single issue. Connection times were significantly faster than usual, and although these unsurprisingly increased with distance, this was never more than we expected, and not enough to become an issue at any time.
Our geolocation tests also gave positive results, with all test server locations matching those claimed by Private Internet Access.
Download speeds from our nearest UK servers were reasonable at around 64-70Mbps on our 75Mbps test connection, an average 10% slower than our speeds with the VPN turned off. We've seen fractionally better - ExpressVPN averaged 69Mbps - but you probably won't notice any difference in real-world use.
Download performance from distant servers wasn't bad, either. We connected to New Zealand (the location with the highest latency, according to the PIA client), ran more tests and hit download speeds of around 15-25Mbps. That's a significant drop, but we would expect that when connecting to the other side of the world, and even this worst-case scenario is still fast enough for most web tasks.
Connecting to a VPN to use with Netflix and other streaming services can get you access to all kinds of geoblocked websites, hopefully avoiding those annoying 'not available in your region' error messages.
To test the unblocking abilities of Private Internet Access, we connected to multiple US and UK locations, then attempted to access US-only Netflix and YouTube content, as well as BBC iPlayer.
Bypassing YouTube's protection is relatively easy, and as long as you have an IP address which seems to be in the right country, you should be fine. Sure enough, Private Internet Access allowed us to view US-only content on each of its US servers.
BBC iPlayer is more of a challenge. Private Internet Access didn't get us into the service during our last review, and unfortunately it didn't work this time, either.
Accessing Netflix is the real test of website unblocking, though. PIA hasn't always been a top performer here, but this time it didn't just get us in to US Netflix with all five of our test servers, we were also able to unblock Netflix in Canada, Australia and Japan.
Private Internet Access supports P2P, and we don't just mean on a couple of specialist servers hidden away somewhere. You can use torrents from any location, with no bandwidth or other limits to restrict your activities.
There's an unusual bonus in Private Internet Access' support for port forwarding. This enables redirecting incoming connections to bypass a NAT firewall, and in some cases, may help improve P2P download speeds.
You shouldn't expect much help with any of this, at least from the website. Searching for 'P2P' or 'torrent' in the knowledgebase mostly pointed us to not-so-relevant articles, such as 'My ping/latency is really high.'
Even the port forwarding document only mentioned in passing that the technology could "potentially optimize torrent performance", without offering any further clues.
Still, the company scores well on the fundamentals – large network, no logs, Bitcoin support – and on balance it makes a fair torrenting choice.
Sign up for Private Internet Access, and the company does its best to streamline the setup procedure. We were immediately redirected to the Download page, where there were direct downloads for Windows, macOS, Linux, and links to the Android and iOS apps and assorted browser extensions (Chrome, Firefox, Opera).
These aren't just file links. We clicked the Windows client, and as well as pointing us to the installer, the website redirected to a page displaying a setup guide.
There are some unusually thoughtful touches. Instead of having a single Windows download link, for instance, you can choose from 32 and 64-bit builds. If, for some reason, a recent update is causing problems, you can download a previous version, and the site lists the changes for every new build.
Advanced features included a download for the Android APK file, allowing you to manually install it on devices where necessary.
Private Internet Access does a particularly good job with OpenVPN configuration files, which are necessary if you're setting up many third-party apps.
These are sensibly named with the country and region or city, such as 'US Chicago.ovpn' (contrast that with NordVPN's 'hr16.nordvpn.com.udp1194.ovpn').
You don't have to live with the default OpenVPN settings, either. There are separate downloads available for different encryption settings, to switch to TCP connections and more. There's also an OpenVPN Configuration Generator on the website where you can build different setups for individual groups of servers, potentially saving you a lot of hassle.
We've seen marginally better setup support – ExpressVPN's activation code system allows setting up clients without manually entering usernames and passwords, plus its tutorials are more numerous and detailed – but Private Internet Access offers more help than most, and the chances are you'll have your devices set up and working with minimal hassle.
The Private Internet Access client installs easily, and opens with a simple and very straightforward client window. Tap the big Connect button to connect to your nearest server, tap again to disconnect, and status areas tell you when you're connected, and display your original and new IP addresses.
The client's excellent and feature-packed location picker is just a click away. It lists countries and city-based locations, where available, and ping times indicate which is closest. You can sort the list by location name or ping time, and a search box and Favorites system help you quickly find and access whatever server you need.
The Settings dialog gives you a high level of control over how the VPN works. The Windows client only supports OpenVPN, for instance (there is no IKEv2, L2TP, PPTP or anything else), but you can choose UDP or TCP connection types, as well as selecting a custom remote port (53, 1194, 8080, 9021) and defining your own local port.
Some locations support port forwarding, which makes it easier to set up and accept incoming connections to your system.
The default encryption is only AES-128 (GCM), but the Settings dialog enables changing that to AES-256 (GCM and CBC), and you can also alter the authentication method (SHA1, SHA256) and handshaking (RSA-2048 by default, RSA-4096 and other RSA and ECC options are available). You can also turn encryption off entirely, which isn't great for security, but will boost your speeds in situations where encryption doesn't matter much (watching streaming media, say).
There's an unusual technical plus in a Use Small Packets feature, which sets the client to use a lower MTU setting to improve reliability on some connections. If you can't get or stay connected, that may be effective, and the Private Internet Access client makes it quick and easy to try this out. (Other providers typically hide this idea away in their support website, and force you to work through various Windows dialog boxes to find and change the relevant setting.)
Elsewhere, a kill switch disables internet access if the VPN disconnects, reducing the chance that your real IP will be leaked. You get the option to use Private Internet Access' DNS servers, your own, or any other custom servers you prefer. And the MACE system to block domains used for ads, trackers and malware can be enabled or disabled with a click.
VPN kill switches don't always deliver (some are almost entirely useless), so we were keen to run some in-depth tests. But whether we gently closed a couple of TCP connections or just terminated PIA's entire OpenVPN-based connection manager, the client didn't care. Each time it displayed a desktop notification to warn us of the problem, then quickly reconnected, without ever exposing our real IP.
PIA's Windows VPN client for PC might look a little basic initially, then, but spend a few minutes playing around and you'll find it easy to use, with some interesting advanced features.
Command line use
PIA's desktop clients now include piactl, a simple command line tool which enables using the VPN from a script.
If that sounds like hard work then you might be right, but there could be advantages. What about setting up a scheduled task to automatically connect at a certain time of day, for instance? Automatically connecting when your system boots, but only after it's performed some local network tasks first? Creating special shortcuts which connect to different locations, then open whatever app or website you need?
Getting this working could be easier than you think. The command 'piactl connect' connects you to the current default connection, for instance, while 'piactl disconnect' closes the connection. You don't need to be a developer to recognize what 'piactl set region us-atlanta' does, and there are commands to get and set more options, and monitor the service state.
This isn't presented with much detail, and even the smartest of experts will be left wondering exactly how some of the more advanced tricks are going to work.
There are other complications, too, including the need to have the graphical client running before some of the commands will work.
Just having the 'connect' and 'disconnect' commands is enough to make the feature useful, though, and we'll be interested to see how piactl develops.
The Android app has a clean and stripped-back interface. Most of the screen is white space, with a large On/Off button in the center of the screen, and your chosen region and current IP address at the bottom.
Tapping the current region displays a list of other locations. Each one has a latency figure, giving you an idea of its distance, and a simple favorites system enables moving your most commonly used servers to the top of the list. It's all very easy to use.
The app is surprisingly configurable, with more options and settings than many desktop VPN clients.
You can choose UDP or TCP connections, for instance, with the ability to set local and remote ports, and request port forwarding.
The app can be set up to automatically protect you when accessing unknown or untrusted wireless networks, or turn itself off when you're using cellular networks.
A Per App Settings box enables defining specific apps which won't use the VPN (that's the equivalent of the 'split tunneling' feature you'll sometimes see elsewhere).
As with the Windows client, you're able to replace the default Private Internet Access DNS servers with your preferred alternative.
There's support for using the app with a proxy, reducing packet size to improve reliability, and automatically connecting when the device or app starts. You can even have your handset vibrate to indicate when you're connected, far more convenient than the usual notifications.
As with the Windows client, you're able to choose from four encryption options, ranging from AES-128-GCM to AES-256-CBC, and six handshaking methods (RSA-4096 to ECC-521r1).
There's both a built-in kill switch to block internet access if the VPN connection drops, and a link to explain Android's similar and more capable 'always on' feature.
It's all very well put together, and a well-judged mix of power and ease of use. Whether you're a VPN expert or just looking for an easy life, there's something for you here.
VPN mobile apps can look and behave very differently, but that's not the Private Internet Access way. Its iOS app is almost identical to the Android version, at least in terms of the main operations.
There's the same basic streamlined interface, list of locations, and Connect button. If you've ever used another VPN app, ever, you'll immediately know what to do (even total newbies won't be too far behind).
A Favorites system enables connecting to commonly used servers, while Private Internet Access' ad and malware blocking MACE system keeps you away from dangerous domains.
There are a decent set of options and settings, especially for an iOS app. You can still switch protocol from OpenVPN to IKEv2 or IPsec, choose UDP or TCP connections, set a custom port, use your favorite DNS, take fine-tuned control over encryption and enable a kill switch to protect you online.
The big addition since our last review is support for PIA's InBrowser, a private browser for iOS and Android with tabs and video support. Launch it, work your around the web, and when you close InBrowser, every trace of your activity is erased.
InBrowser works as advertised and we're happy to see it available. But if you're interested, you don't have to sign up to Private Internet Access- the app is available for free on its own site.
The core iOS VPN does get a few additional tweaks, though, including Dark mode support and a 'use small packets' setting for OpenVPN.
Overall, this is a quality app, easy to use and far more capable than most of the competition. A must-see for more demanding Apple users.
Using the Private Internet Access apps isn't difficult, but having to keep switching between your regular application and the VPN client can still be a hassle.
Like ExpressVPN and NordVPN, Private Internet Access now offers add-ons for Chrome, Firefox and Opera, enabling you to connect to the VPN directly from the browser interface. This only protects your browser traffic, but if that's not an issue, the extension makes Private Internet Access much easier to use.
The extension looks and feels almost identical to the other clients, making it very easy to use. A simple opening interface has a big Connect button to connect to the closest server, and there's a full list of locations (and a Favorites system) if needed. Latencies can optionally be displayed alongside each server, and you can enable the VPN from inside your browser with a couple of clicks.
Bonus privacy tools can prevent websites accessing your location, camera or microphone. They're able to stop WebRTC leaks, and variously block or disable Flash, third-party cookies, website referrers, hyperlink auditing, address and credit card auto filling, and more. It's a surprisingly capable setup, although you'll need to treat it with care, as disabling everything could break some websites.
If you do have problems, a Bypass List enables specifying websites which you don't want to use the VPN. If they don't work as they should with the VPN on, add them to the Bypass List and their traffic will be rerouted through your regular connection.
All this functionality means there are lots of settings to explore, but on balance the add-ons work very well. If you're looking for simplicity, you can just choose a location and click Connect, much like any other VPN extension. But more experienced users can head off to the Settings, where they'll find more features and functionality than just about any other VPN browser add-on we've seen.
The Private Internet Access Support Center has a web knowledgebase with articles covering troubleshooting, account problems, technical complications and more. These don't always have the detail you'll see with ExpressVPN, but they're not just bland descriptions of app features, either.
For example, a Security Best Practices encryption article gives users some useful technical background on encryption, authentication and handshaking methods, and more.
A Guides section has setup articles and tutorials for all supported platforms. Some of these are relatively basic, but there's still a lot to explore, with, for instance, 14 articles on Android alone.
PIA stopped updating its News page for a while, but that now seems to back, and regularly alerts users to new servers, app updates, service issues and more.
If you can't solve your issues online, you can raise a support ticket. There's no live chat, unfortunately, but ticket response times are better than many, with our test question receiving a friendly and helpful response within 90 minutes. That can't compare with the under two-minute delay we've seen with providers such as ExpressVPN, but they're usually far more expensive, and for the most part, PIA's performance is probably good enough.
Private Internet Access isn't perfect, but it scores in many key areas: this VPN runs on almost anything, is easy to use, crammed with advanced features, and offers decent performance for a very fair price. Go take a look.
- Also check out our complete list of the best VPN services