BMW gives eco driving a high-tech makeover

BMW Efficient Dynamics
BMW's Eco Pro mode knows when to lift off before you do

Eco driving. It's not exactly a sexy sell. But what if it involved a 450hp 4.4-litre twin turbo V8?

Perhaps that's BMW's reasoning. After all, we've just experienced its latest sat nav-powered and context aware fuel-sipping tech courtesy of the monumental 750i luxury limo and Munich's finest highways and byways.

Incongruous? Probably, but if it's works in the 750i, it'll be even more effective on BMW's more mainstream models.

Efficient Dynamics

BMW's efficiency efforts now dominate pretty much everything the company does. From 1995 to 2008, BMW reduced the average fuel consumption of its range by fully 25 per cent and plans to do the same again by 2020.

BMW 750i fleet

But with its rep for building the "ultimate driving machines", BMW has to somehow make efficiency jive with driving fun. Enter Efficient Dynamics, launched in 2007 with a view to doing just that.

At this stage, we could tell you all about what Efficient Dynamics has been. Things like start-stop technology, brake energy regeneration, attention to aerodynamic efficiency and weight. All that remains true. But what's new is what's really interesting.

Eco Pro

And there's plenty of new stuff to geek over. So let's get going. First up is Eco Pro. It's just one of a range of driving modes now offered with most BMWs, other examples including various soprt and comfort modes.

If you flip the switch to Eco Pro in our spangly new BMW 750i test car, the first thing you'll notice is the driver's instruments. Suddenly, the rev counter turns into an eco meter.

BMW Eco Pro

The fact that the instruments are one big LCD screen (and a very high quality one, at that) is cool enough, though not something you'll get on, say, a basic 1 Series hatch. But is it actually any use?

In simple terms, it means you can tell at a glance the power state of the car. Are you using any energy and how much, are you charging the battery with via brake regen, that sort of thing.

Predictive driving

From there, however, things get a lot fancier. BMW is now using navigation data combined with situational awareness and driving style analysis to provide eco driving advice.

Eco Pro

What does that actually mean? Imagine you're approaching a roundabout but it's over a blind hill. Eco Pro knows the roundabout is coming up and it knows how fast you're going.

So it can calculate the best time to lift off the gas and coast up to the roundabout in the most efficient manner, rather than leaning on the anchors once you brow the hill. And so a little lift-off icon appears in that LCD instrument panel when the time is right.

In our test car, BMW has also implemented a special coasting mode which fully decouples the engine from the transmission and makes for much, much more efficient coasting. In certain situations, it's enough to improve fuel efficiency by a staggering 20 per cent over the official EU cycle numbers.

Currently, it's not clear whether such a feature is actually legal in the UK due to an interpretation of the law which could view the decoupling as a loss of control. We'll update when we have final word.

Next is Eco Pro Routes, which doesn't just parse mapping data for the most efficient route, it also squares it with driving style to deliver the most efficient possible route to your destination.

Eco Pro Routes

Or so BMW claims, it's pretty hard to check. What we can say for sure is that the decoupled coasting is very apparent and appears to work well. The only slight snag is the lift-off icon, which is difficult to spot.

We think BMW should use its excellent head-up display to provide the driver with much more obvious cues. Constantly glancing down at the instruments is impractical bordering on dangerous.

Active aero

Elsewhere, BMW demoed a whole hill of eco measures, including active flaps in the front grille to aid aero, lightweight materials and clever heating tech for its upcoming electric cars.

Oh, and some new engines, which we'll have more on shortly. Arguably, however, it's the overall that matters combined with the question of how fun BMW's remain to drive. Are BMW's both efficient and fun?

BME ED tech

The simple answer is yes. Segment by segment, BMWs are among the most efficient while topping the table for driving dynamics.

Ultimate eco machine?

BMW's have always been great to drive. That's true to the point of tediousness. But the challenges to maintaining that driving pleasure are greater now than ever before.

Admittedly, today's BMWs offer a different kind of pleasure. We're talking mostly small capacity turbo engines and automatic gearboxes. Sonorous BMW six-cylinder engines, for instance, are an endangered species.

But BMW is doing a better job than most of balancing efficiency with driving fun. Modern motoring doesn't have to be merely expensive and miserable, in other words.


Technology and cars. Increasingly the twain shall meet. Which is handy, because Jeremy (Twitter) is addicted to both. Long-time tech journalist, former editor of iCar magazine and incumbent car guru for T3 magazine, Jeremy reckons in-car technology is about to go thermonuclear. No, not exploding cars. That would be silly. And dangerous. But rather an explosive period of unprecedented innovation. Enjoy the ride.