Sigma DP1 Merrill review

Sigma's large sensor compact camera with Foveon x3 sensor

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Much like the overall design of the camera, the results from the Sigma DP1 Merrill are a mixture of the sublime to the frustrating.

Let's start with the good news, which is that in the right light at ISO 100 and 200, the Sigma can produce amazing quality images. The combination of the Foveon X3 sensor and fixed focal length lens combine to produce sharp, colourful and detailed images.

It's not quantifiable, but the images in these circumstances have an almost three-dimensional quality to them. The colour rendition is also more than a match for even the best digital SLRs on the market.

 Sigma DP1 Merril review

But start shooting outside of the Sigma DP1 Merrill's comfort zone and the results are much less impressive. At ISO 400 the images are still good, but they can't compare with the images from most other cameras at this ISO setting.

Go above ISO 400 and the noise, colour saturation and detail deteriorate very quickly. The results at ISO 1600 and above are very poor, with very low saturation, high levels of noise and quite noticeable colour banding.

 Sigma DP1 Merril review

The autofocus is also quick and accurate in most conditions, although it can hunt a little in low light and when faced with low-contrast subjects, while the manual focus is easy to use.

The 19mm lens on the Sigma DP1 Merrill produces impressive results. In the centre of the frame, images are sharp at every aperture.

 Sigma DP1 Merril review

As you'd expect, the edges at f/2.8 aren't quite as sharp as the centre of the frame, but they are still very good. There's also very little distortion, and flare is well controlled.

There is some chromatic aberration visible in raw images processed without the lens corrections applied, although they are virtually eliminated when shooting in JPEG mode or when the corrections are applied to raw conversions.

 Sigma DP1 Merril review

Converted raw files also reveal a little more detail and sharpness than in-camera JPEG images, although there is a slight increase in noise.

The automatic white balance is good in daylight, but it struggles a little to produce accurate colours in artificial light and mixed lighting.

 Sigma DP1 Merril review

Similarly, the evaluative metering is reliable in most conditions, and on the rare occasions that you need to override the exposure in high-contrast lighting, it's extremely quick to use.

Although it's not strictly a feature of the camera, shooting images in raw mode means that you'll have to use the Sigma Photo Professional software to process your images.

 Sigma DP1 Merril review

The basic layout and features are fine, but it's not as user-friendly as other raw processing software.

While this is an improvement over the software supplied with previous Sigma cameras, it's still slow to use and processing multiple images is a time-consuming and laborious task.

Tech Specs

Product TypeCompact Camera
Battery Size SupportedProprietary Battery Size
Maximum Video Resolution320 x 240
Effective Camera Resolution14.1 Megapixel
HD Movie ModeNo
Memory Card SupportedSecure Digital (SD) Card, Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) Card, MultiMediaCard (MMC)
Digital Zoom3x
Brand NameSigma
Screen Size6.4 cm (2.5")
Video FormatsAVI
Viewfinder TypeNo
Weight (Approximate)250 g
Maximum Image Resolution2640 x 1760
Display Screen TypeLCD
Height59.5 mm
Width113.3 mm
Depth50.3 mm
Focal Length16.60 mm
Image FormatsJPEG, RAW
Focus ModesAuto, Manual
ManufacturerSigma Corporation
Product ModelDP1
Product NameDP1 Compact Camera
Manufacturer Part NumberC7S900
Manufacturer Website Address
Marketing Information

The DP1 uses the same 14 megapixel (2652×1768×3 layers)direct image sensor as the SD14. Utilizing the special features of silicon, which is penetrated to different depths by different wavelengths of light, this direct image sensor succeeds in full-color capture with the full RGB in a single-pixel location. Just like film, each photodiode captures all the RGB data, so no final-stage demosaicing is required.