This comes amid concerns over the new CERT-In regulations about to be enforced.
Proton is only the last of the best VPN providers exiting the country to safeguard its customers' privacy. In June, we saw ExpressVPN's exit from India, Surfshark's pledge to remove its physical servers, Hide.me's announcement to pull the plug, together with NordVPN last joining the exiting group citing fears over freedom of speech.
Under India's new law, VPN companies will be required to store users’ real names, IP addresses assigned to them, usage patterns and other identifying data for up to five years. They will also be required to hand this information over to authorities upon request.
Initially planned to come into force on June 28, the new legislation is about to be enforced on September 25.
Today, we’re removing our VPN servers in India to protect the privacy of our community due to India’s new surveillance law. However, we’ve rolled out smart routing servers to still give you an Indian IP address.Read @andyyen’s interview with @WSJ: https://t.co/5iIy1Di3mVSeptember 22, 2022
Smart Routing servers to get an India IP
Talking about its decision in a blog post, the provider said: "This is against everything we stand for.
"We have no intention of complying with this invasive mass surveillance law, leaving us no choice but to remove our VPN servers from Indian jurisdiction."
This doesn't mean that people in India would not be able to enjoy the protection of its software, though. Quite the opposite, actually.
"While we are resisting the Indian government’s authoritarianism, we are still committed to serving Indian citizens," Proton VPN spokesperson Matt Fossen told TechRadar Pro.
Users can still opt for one of the many secure international servers available across 64 countries. And, those in need of a secure connection via an India IP address, can enjoy the security of its Smart Routing network.
Similarly to other providers who have gone virtual to protect the privacy of their users, Proton Smart Routing servers are physically based in Singapore. These are the same in terms of functionality, though, allowing users to get an Indian IP.
"If you live in India or used to connect to our India-based VPN servers from elsewhere, you can switch to these Smart Routing servers and use Proton VPN just as before," assures the provider.
Therefore, while safely browsing the web locally, users in India will still have their data secured by a truly no-logs VPN type of service.
Why is India's new data retention law controversial?
While India's new data retention law comes as an effort to clamp down on cybercrime, its regulations have been sparking many concerns across the tech sector and privacy advocate groups.
"It’s going to have a chilling effect. I find it really sad that the world’s largest democracy is taking this path,” said Proton AG Chief Executive Andy Yen to The Wall Street Journal, adding that the move will also expose activists and whistleblowers to dangers.
Worries that such intrusive regulations can easily be misused to foster mass surveillance and undermine citizens' civil liberties are not groundless, though. India is indeed infamous for its backsliding media freedom and the infamy of recording more internet shutdowns than any other country in the world.
What's more, VPN providers are just some of the companies subjected to the new CERT-In directives. Other services include data centers, cloud storage services, virtual private servers (VPS), and cryptocurrency exchanges.
The amount of stored private information will then be massive, throughout thousands of different companies. This opens not to a few doubts about new regulations' feasibility.
On this point, Head of Public Relations at NordVPN Laura Tyrylyte told TechRadar: "It is hard to imagine that all, especially small and medium enterprises, will have the proper means to ensure the security of such data."
And it's not just privacy worries. India's new data law is believed to have a negative impact on its fast-growing IT sector too, perhaps translating into higher fees for India VPN users overall.
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Chiara is a multimedia journalist committed to covering stories to help promote the rights and denounce the abuses of the digital side of life—wherever cybersecurity, markets and politics tangle up. She mainly writes news, interviews and analysis on data privacy, online censorship, digital rights, cybercrime, and security software, with a special focus on VPNs, for TechRadar Pro, TechRadar and Tom’s Guide. Got a story, tip-off or something tech-interesting to say? Reach out to email@example.com