We shoot a specially designed chart in carefully controlled conditions, and the resulting images are analysed using the DXO Analyzer software to generate the graphs below.

Signal to noise ratio

Our lab results from the Nikon Coolpix P7100 show that there is an improvement over the Nikon Coolpix P7000 for signal to noise ratio, and these results are also better than those produced by the Canon PowerShot G12 and Olympus XZ-1. These results show that the Nikon P7100 handles noise well, with less noise in images across the sensitivity range than the comparison cameras.

A high signal to noise ratio (SNR) indicates a cleaner and better quality image.

Nikon coolpix p7100 signal to noise ratio
Nikon coolpix p7100 signal to noise ratio

JPEG images from the Nikon Coolpix P7100 show improved noise performance over the Nikon Coolpix P7000 and are on a par with those from the Canon PowerShot G12 and Olympus XZ-1

Nikon coolpix p7100 signal to noise ratio
Nikon coolpix p7100 signal to noise ratio

After conversion to TIFF, raw images from the Nikon Coolpix P7100 show improved noise performance over the Nikon Coolpix P7000, Canon PowerShot G12and Olympus XZ-1

For a full explanation of what our resolution charts mean, and how to read them, please click here to read the full article.

Dynamic range

When it comes to dynamic range there is only a marginal improvement over the Nikon Coolpix P7000, and while it cannot match the Canon PowerShot G12 and Olympus XZ-1 its performance is still better than average, showing that it's capable of capturing a good amount of both shadow and highlight detail across the sensitivity range.

Nikon coolpix p7100 dynamic range
Nikon coolpix p7100 dynamic range

This chart indicates that the Nikon Coolpix P7100's JPEG dynamic range relates closely to the Nikon Coolpix P7000, but it cannot match the Canon PowerShot G12 and Olympus XZ-1.

Nikon coolpix p7100 raw dynamic range
Nikon coolpix p7100 raw dynamic range

This chart indicates that the Nikon Coolpix P7100's raw files (after conversion to TIFF) dynamic range is an improvement over the Nikon Coolpix P7000, and beats both the Canon PowerShot G12 and Olympus XZ-1 at sensitivities over around ISO 200.

For a full explanation of our noise and dynamic range tests, please read our full guide to noise and dynamic range results.