Cybersecurity (opens in new tab) researchers at Microsoft have revealed that China-based threat actors were behind the recent campaign, which exploited the now-patched vulnerabilities in a couple of SolarWinds (opens in new tab) Serv-U products.
Microsoft brought this to the attention of SolarWinds who then released a hotfix (opens in new tab) to patch the remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability in Serv-U’s implementation of the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol.
“Microsoft has detected a 0-day remote code execution exploit being used to attack SolarWinds Serv-U FTP software in limited and targeted attacks. The Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) attributes this campaign with high confidence to DEV-0322, a group operating out of China, based on observed victimology, tactics, and procedures,” shared Microsoft in a blog post (opens in new tab).
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Without sharing details about the targets in the latest campaign, the MSTIC blog post notes that the DEV-0322 threat group has previously targeted entities in the U.S. Defense Industrial Base sector as well as software companies.
In addition to the group using China as its base of operations, MSTIC shared that DEV-0322’s attack infrastructure is composed of commercial VPN (opens in new tab) solutions and compromised consumer routers (opens in new tab).
It was malicious processes in Serv-U’s main application, flagged by Microsoft Defender (opens in new tab), which led MSTIC to discover the recent DEV-0322 SolarWinds campaign.
Notably, this isn’t the first instance if Chinese-based threat actors have been found abusing vulnerability in SolarWinds. While unraveling last year’s massive cyber-espionage campaign (opens in new tab), blamed on state-sponsored Russian hackers, security researchers discovered a parallel hack campaign.
Digging deeper, the researchers found evidence (opens in new tab) of the China-based threat group known as Spiral exploiting a vulnerability in SolarWinds software called Orion as a springboard to deploy the .NET web shell dubbed Supernova (opens in new tab), alongside the widely reported supply chain attack.
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