How to get rid of shadows in your photography
A reﬂector will often give you all the control you need to achieve perfectly lit portraits, still lifes, macro shots and any other kind of image where the subject isn't too big and you can get up close to it.
Reﬂectors are perfect for those situations where you've got a single, strong light source, such as a window or solitary lamp, and need to balance it by adding light from the other side so that the shadows don't appear too dense. All you have to do is hold the reﬂector on the other side of your subject so it 'bounces' light back into the darker areas of shadow.
Commercially available reﬂectors usually have a highly reﬂective, matte white surface that gives even, neutral illumination. But you can also get other types that provide a range of different effects. For example, gold reﬂectors provide attractive, warm skin tones in portrait shots, while metallic silver foil ﬁnishes produce a bright, sparkling light.
Reﬂectors like these are particularly handy to use because they fold up to ﬁt into a small carry pouch – though there's a bit of a knack to twisting them in the right way!
Alternatively, you can make your own reﬂector – you just need two sheets of A3-size white foam board, available from most stationery stores. You then tape these together with masking tape. For smaller subjects, you can use it folded, while for larger subjects you can open it out to A3 to provide more ﬁ ll-in light. The 'hinge' in the middle means you can stand the reﬂector up, which is ideal for table-top and still-life photography.
You can also use a sheet, some white paper or any other reflective surface in place of a proper reﬂector. You can even use a mirror, which will provide a mirror image – literally – of your main light source.
Follow our guide and you'll be mastering the reflector in no time.
1. Hold and shoot
If you're shooting a head-and-shoulders portrait, you might be close enough to hold the reﬂector yourself.
If the light is coming from the left, cross your hands over and rest your camera hand on your left wrist. However, make sure you don't get so close that your subject's features get distorted.
2. Try different colors
White reﬂectors are a good basic standby, but try other colors too. This gold reﬂector produces a really warm, rich tone, which will give paler-skinned subjects a healthy, tanned look.
Some commercial reﬂectors have a silvered ﬁnish that gives a brighter, more sparkling light.
3. Find an assistant
Getting someone else to hold the reﬂector makes a big difference. Not only does it leave you with both hands free to operate the camera, it also enables you to stand further back and use a longer focal length. This produces a much more ﬂattering perspective for portrait shots.
4. Look for catch lights
'Catch lights' are reﬂections of your light source in your subject's eyes, and they're what give the eyes their life and sparkle. If you're careful, you can control the size of the catch lights by moving the reﬂector in and out. You can see them here on the right side of our model's eyes.
5. Picking the best reflector
This reﬂector folds up small enough to ﬁt into any gadget bag, but is still big enough to produce great ﬁll-in light for head shots.Bigger and better
This Lastolite TriGrip is considerably bigger, but it provides more ﬁll-in light, and has a solid grip for easy one-handed use.All-purpose
This Phottix 5-in-1 reﬂector has removable/reversible sleeves so you can provide a wide variety of reﬂector colours and effects.Man-sized
Full-length portraits need a full-length reﬂector. This dual-ﬁnish Lastolite is hard to handle but packs down into a manageable size.Do it yourself
This home-made reﬂector is ﬁne for head-and-shoulders shots, and you can angle the two panels separately for an all-round ﬁll effect.